“It was a journey to ancient Russia, which preserved the magnificent but magnificent cathedrals, the former monasteries used to be the fortress of aggression, the small streets with wooden houses, the Quiet garden. Moreover, those wonderful buildings are surrounded by vast forests or in the middle of the vast meadows! ”Those are the moving remarks of tourists visiting the ancient cities. "Golden Ring of Russia".
Most of such cities are concentrated in the East or Northeast of Moscow, Moscow, Yaroslavskaya, Vladimirskaya and Kostromskaya provinces - Russian pure lands. Of course, among the cities of the "Golden Ring" there are four centers of those provinces: Moscow, Yaroslavl, Vladimir and Kostroma.
Sergiev Posad, Pereslavl-Zaleski, Rostov Veliki, Uglich, Rubinsk, Suzdal ... Behind the name of each city is a long history. The oldest of these cities is Rostov Veliki, 240 km northeast of Moscow. Historians do not know the exact date of its establishment. The first reminders of Rostov Veliki, a long-lived city, are mentioned in the annals of 862. Yaroslavl provincial capital is much younger than Rostov Veliki. Rostov Veliky coincided with Hanoi - until 2010 will celebrate the 1000th anniversary of its founding. According to legend, in 1010 the Russian Earl Yaroslav Thong Thai occupied the residential area on the banks of the Volga River, then named Bear Cave. The Earl killed the mother bear and built it in the territory to capture a fortress. The city that grew up here was called Yaroslavl, and even now there is a mother bear figure on the flag of this city and the province.
Right now, the government and people have prepared to welcome the big holiday. Yaroslavskaya provincial governor Sergei Vakhrukhov said: The issue of rearranging order in the historical environment of the city is very important. Because the 1000th anniversary is a great festival, to introduce the formation history of Yaroslavl. And there must be more attention to the restoration of the city's historical and cultural relics. Currently, in the center of Yaroslavl, in the Strelka area where the Volga and Kotorosli rivers intersect, are restoring the Uspenski church, the city's main church, which was previously destroyed. By the 1000 year festival of the city, the restoration of this church will be completed.
Perhaps this is not the only church restored. Formerly Yaroslavl was dubbed the "city of 100 churches", now only holds about 30 buildings. Last year Yaroslavl was included in the World Heritage List. Such noble title is a huge responsibility, said Sergei Vakhrukov. Not only that, Yaroslavl wants to introduce to the whole world its wealth. To do that, tourism must definitely develop: The potential of our city is huge. Currently there is a program to build hotels and cultural centers. We have also set up a series of tours according to other cities in the province. Now foreign tourists also come to the city, but we want them to come more.
Traveling to cities under the "Golden Belt" - the ancient citadel of Russia appeared in the mid-1960s. There is a name for such a romantic tour because the road to those cities is interconnected to form a symbolic circle. Of course, there are many tourist attractions in the area with historical and cultural relics, other ecological conservation areas. It is very necessary to make travel routes to these landscapes, said Sergei Vakhrrukov. In Yaroslavakaya province alone, in addition to the cities of the Golden Belt, some other interesting places can be mentioned. It is the town of Muskin, where the only rat museum in the world is Tutaev, founded 7 centuries ago, or Posekhonye, famous for its beautiful scenery. Now we will do everything we can to make those places an attractive tourist destination, Sergei Vakhrukhov continues.
We would like to add, in Russia's list of "Golden Belt" there are some other cities, although not official - it is Borovsk in Kaluskaya. Founded in 1358, this city is located on the spectacular hills 95 km southwest of Moscow. But we will introduce Borovsk at another time.
The jewel of the "Golden Ring"
We continue to acquaint you with Russian attractions. Today, we invite you to the city, which is considered the jewel of the "Golden Belt". This is the name of the famous tourist route along the ancient cities of central Russia. Welcome to the city of Yaroslavl.
Yaroslavl is the oldest city in all cities on the Volga river. The city was founded a thousand years ago, in 1010. The history of the city also holds a lot of legends. One of those legends tells that in the place of Yaroslavl in ancient times there was a pagan tribe living and they specialized in worshiping "sacred bears." In the early 11th century, Russian soldiers attacked the village and set fire to the pagan cathedral's main cathedral. Yaroslav Mudrui King has personally slashed the sacred bear. On the orders of the King, to remember this event, a small wooden fort was built on the high bank of the Volga River, and named Yaroslavl after him. The badge on it depicted a bear with an ax that reflected the history of the city. This wild beast is still revered in Yaoslavl today.
Yaroslavl city is unique with its historic construction works. The oldest building is the Southern Savior Monastery, built in the 12th century.In the city there are many buildings from the 16-18th century, when Yaroslavl developed as one of the centers of Russian businessmen. In the 17th century, this place became a teaching center. There is the Slave-Latin seminary, one of the first seminary in the country. It is also the place where the most famous relics of ancient Russian literature were discovered - "The story of the Igorev army", the narrative story of the march of Russian kings against the Earth-based nomad 10th century.
Every year in August, Yaroslavl takes place the festivities of choral choirs and ringtones called "Variations". The uniqueness of this festival is that it combines all three areas of Russian cultural tradition: classical music, church bells and stage performances. The festival attracts bells from all over Russia. Ringing concerts allow listeners not only to enjoy the art of ringing artists, but also an opportunity to compare schools from different regions of Russia - every bell contains a rhythmic look. and a separate melody picture.
To get a better sense of beauty into Yaroslavl, you need to take a walk along the Volga river embankment. It has ancient merchant buildings, churches and museums. From a white stone house located on a hill that opens to a beautiful river landscape. Yaroslavl Pier always has 2-3 anchored ships ready to take tourists on a tour along the Volga.
During a walk on the Volga, visitors will be introduced to the "Atlantic of Russia", the ancient merchant city of Kalyazin, which today only has waves of artificial reservoirs Uglichski. However we will tell you about it in one of the upcoming programs.